Help:Editing/fr

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L'édition d'une page wiki est très facile. Il vous suffit de cliquer sur l'étiquette "Modifier" en haut (ou le lien d'édition à droite ou en bas) de la page wiki. Ceci vous mènera à une page avec une zone de texte contenant le texte éditable de cette page. Si vous voulez expérimenter, s'il vous plaît, faite le dans notre "bac à sable", pas ici. Vous pouvez ouvrir le bac à sable dans une fenêtre ou onglet séparé pour être en mesure de voir à la fois ce texte et vos tests dans le bac à sable.

Une fois que vous avez tapé votre texte, écrivez un petit résumé d'édition sur le petit champs en dessous de la boite d'édition. Vous pouvez employer la sténographie pour décrire vos changements, comme décrit dans la légende, et quand vous avez fini, appuyer sur aperçu pour voir à quoi vos changements ressembleront. Puis, appuyez sur "Sauvegarder". En fonction de votre système, presser sur "Entrée" tandis que la zone d'édition n'est pas active (quand il n'y a pas de curseur d'écriture) peut avoir le même effet que presser sur le bouton "Sauvegarder". Aussi, s'il vous plaît ne vandalisez pas l'information sur Lazarus wiki.

Vous pouvez aussi cliquer sur l'onglet "Discussion" (ou sur le lien "Discuss this page" ) pour voir la page de discussion correspondante , qui contient des commentaires sur la page venant d'autres utilisateurs de Wikipedia. Cliquez sur l'onglet "+" (ou sur "Edit this page") pour ajouter un commentaire.

Les balises(markup) du wiki

Dans la colonne de gauche du tableau ci-dessous, vous pouvez voir ce quels effets sont possibles. Dans la colonne de droite, vous pouvez voir comment ces effets ont été atteints. En d'autres termes, pour faire le texte ressembler à ce qu'il ressemble dans la colonne gauche, dactylographiez-le dans le format que vous voyez dans la colonne droite.

Vous pouvez vouloir maintenir cette page ouverte dans une fenêtre séparée du navigateur pour s'y référer. Si vous voulez essayer des choses sans danger de faire n'importe quel dommage, vous pouvez le faire dans le bac à sable.


Les sections, paragraphes, listes et lignes

Ce à quoi ça ressemble Ce que vous dactylographiez

Commencez vos sections comme suit:

Nouvelle section

Sous section

Sous sous section

  • Commence avec un en-tête de second niveau (==); n'utiliser pas un en-tête de premier niveau (=).
  • Ne sautez pas de niveaux (e.g., un deuxième niveau de suivi d'un quatrième niveau).
  • Une Table des matières sera automatiquement ajoutée à un article qui a quatre sections ou plus.
== Nouvelle section ==

=== Sous section ===

==== Sous sous section ====

Une simple retour à la ligne n'a généralement pas d'effet sur la mise en page. Elles peuvent être utilisées pour séparer les phrases dans un paragraphe. Quelques rédacteurs constatent que ceci facilite l'édition et améliore la fonction diff (utilisé en interne pour comparer différentes versions d'une page).

Mais une ligne vide commence un nouveau paragraphe.

  • Lorsqu'ils sont utilisés dans une liste, un retour à la ligne affecte la mise en page(voir ci-dessous).
Une simple [[newline|retour à la ligne]]
n'a généralement pas d'effet sur la mise en page. 
Elles peuvent être utilisées pour séparer 
les phrases dans un paragraphe. 
Quelques rédacteurs constatent que ceci facilite l'édition 
et améliore la fonction ''diff'' 
(utilisé en interne pour comparer 
différentes versions d'une page).

Mais une ligne vide commence un nouveau paragraphe.

Vous pouvez couper des lignes
sans commencer un nouveau paragraphe.

  • SVP utilisez ceci modérément.
  • Surveillez de près les balisages entre les lignes, ne commencer pas un lien ou un passage en italique ou en caractères gras sur une ligne et le terminer sur la ligne suivante.
Vous pouvez couper des lignes<br>
sans commencer un nouveau paragraphe.
  • Les listes sont faciles à faire:
    • Commencer chaque ligne avec une étoile.
      • Plus d'étoiles signifie des niveaux plus profond.
        • Une nouvelle ligne dans une liste

marque la fin d'un élément de la liste.

  • Une ligne vide commence une nouvelle liste.
* Les listes sont faciles à faire:
** Commencer chaque ligne avec une étoile.
*** Plus d'étoiles signifie des niveaux plus profond.
**** Une nouvelle ligne dans une liste
marque la fin d'un élément de la liste.

* Une ligne vide commence une nouvelle liste.
  1. Listes numérotées sont également bien
    1. très organisé
    2. facile à suivre
      1. plus facile encore
# Listes numérotées sont également bien
## très organisé
## facile à suivre
### plus facile encore
  • Vous pouvez même faire des listes mixtes
    1. et les emboîter
      • comme ça
* Vous pouvez même faire des listes mixtes
*# et les emboîter
*#* comme ça
Definition list 
liste des définitions
item 
la définition de l'article
another item
l'autre définition de l'article
  • Un article par ligne; un retour à la ligne peut apparaître avant la colonne, mais l'utilisation d'un espace avant les deux points améliore l'analyse.
; Definition list : liste des définitions
; item : la définition de l'article
; another item
: l'autre définition de l'article
Une colonne marque(indents) une nouvelle ligne ou un paragraphe.

Un saut de ligne manuel commence un nouveau paragraphe.

  • This is primarily for displayed material, but is also used for discussion on Talk pages.
: Une colonne marque(indents) une nouvelle ligne ou un paragraphe.
Un saut de ligne manuel commence un nouveau paragraphe.
IF a line starts with a space THEN
it will be formatted exactly
as typed;
in a fixed-width font;
lines won't wrap;
ENDIF
  • This is useful for:
    • pasting preformatted text;
    • algorithm descriptions;
    • program source code;
    • ASCII art;
    • chemical structures;
  • WARNING: If you make it wide, you force the whole page to be wide and hence less readable, especially for people who use lower resolutions. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.
 IF a line starts with a space THEN
 it will be formatted exactly
 as typed;
 in a fixed-width font;
 lines won't wrap;
 ENDIF
Texte centré.
  • Notez l'appellation américaine de "center" (pas "centre").
<center>Texte centré.</center>

Une ligne de division horizontale: cela est au-dessus d'elle


et cela est au-dessous.

  • Cela est utile principalement pour séparer les fils de discussion sur les pages de discussion.
  • Également utilisé pour enlever l'ambiguité dans un article, sans créer une page séparée.
Une [[horizontal dividing line|ligne de division horizontale]]:
cela est au-dessus d'elle
----
et cela est au-dessous.

Links and URLs

What it looks like What you type

London has public transport.

  • A link to another Wikipedia article.
  • Internally, the first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).
  • Thus the link above is to the URL http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_transport, which is the Wikipedia article with the name "Public transport". See also Wikipedia:Canonicalization.
London has [[public transport]].

San Francisco also has public transportation.

  • Same target, different name.
  • This is a piped link.
San Francisco also has
[[public transport|public transportation]].

San Francisco also has public transportation.

Examples include buses, taxis and streetcars.

  • Endings are blended into the link.
  • Preferred style is to use this instead of a piped link, if possible.
San Francisco also has
[[public transport]]ation.

Examples include [[bus]]es, [[taxi]]s
and [[streetcar]]s.

See the Wikipedia:Manual of Style.

See the [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style]].

Automatically hide stuff in parentheses: kingdom.

Automatically hide namespace: Village Pump.

Or both: Manual of Style

But not: [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Links|]]

  • The server fills in the part after the pipe character (|) when you save the page. The next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. When previewing your edits, you will not see the expanded form until you press Save and Edit again. The same applies to links to sections within the same page (see previous entry).
Automatically hide stuff in parentheses:
[[kingdom (biology)|]].

Automatically hide namespace: 
[[Wikipedia:Village Pump|]].

Or both:
[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style (headings)|]]

But not:
[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Links|]]

The weather in London is a page that doesn't exist yet.

  • You can create it by clicking on the link (but please don't do so with this particular link).
  • To create a new page:
    1. Create a link to it on some other (related) page.
    2. Save that page.
    3. Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
  • For more information, see How to start a page and check out Wikipedia's naming conventions.
  • Please do not create a new article without linking to it from at least one other article.
[[The weather in London]] is a page 
that doesn't exist yet.

Wikipedia:How to edit a page is this page.

  • Self links appear as bold text when the article is viewed.
  • Do not use this technique to make the article name bold in the first paragraph; see the Manual of Style.
[[Wikipedia:How to edit a page]] is this page.

When adding a comment to a Talk page, you should sign it by adding three tildes to add your user name:

Ben Brockert

or four to add user name plus date/time:

Ben Brockert 00:18, Nov 19, 2004 (UTC)

Five tildes gives the date/time alone:

00:18, Nov 19, 2004 (UTC)
  • The first two both provide a link to your user page.
When adding a comment to a Talk page,
you should sign it by adding
three tildes to add your user name:
: ~~~
or four for user name plus date/time:
: ~~~~
Five tildes gives the date/time alone:
: ~~~~~
  • Redirect one article title to another by placing a directive like the one shown to the right on the first line of the article (such as at a page titled "USA").
  • Note that, while it is possible to link to a section, it is not possible to redirect to a section. For example, "#REDIRECT [[United States#History]]" will redirect to the United States page, but not to any particular section on it. This feature will not be implemented in the future, so such redirects should not be used.
#REDIRECT [[United States]]
  • Link to a page on the same subject in another language by using a link of the form: [[language code:Title]].
  • It does not matter where you put these links while editing as they will always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended.
  • Please see Wikipedia:Interlanguage links and the list of languages and codes.
[[fr:Wikipédia:Aide]]

What links here and Related changes pages can be linked as: Special:Whatlinkshere/Wikipedia:How to edit a page and Special:Recentchangeslinked/Wikipedia:How to edit a page

'''What links here''' and '''Related changes'''
pages can be linked as:
[[Special:Whatlinkshere/Wikipedia:How to edit a page]]
and
[[Special:Recentchangeslinked/Wikipedia:How to edit a page]]

A user's Contributions page can be linked as: Special:Contributions/UserName or Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0

A user's '''Contributions''' page can be linked as:
[[Special:Contributions/UserName]]
or
[[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]]
  • To put an article in a Wikipedia:Category, place a link like the one to the right anywhere in the article. As with interlanguage links, it does not matter where you put these links while editing as they will always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended.
[[Category:Character sets]]
  • To link to a Wikipedia:Category page without putting the article into the category, use an initial colon (:) in the link.
[[:Category:Character sets]]

Linking to other wikis:

  1. Interwiki link: Wiktionary:Hello
  2. Named interwiki link: Hello
  3. Interwiki link without prefix: Hello

Linking to another language's wiktionary:

  1. Wiktionary:fr:Bonjour
  2. Bonjour
  3. fr:Bonjour
Linking to other wikis:
# [[Interwiki]] link: [[Wiktionary:Hello]]
# Named interwiki link: [[Wiktionary:Hello|Hello]]
# Interwiki link without prefix: [[Wiktionary:Hello|]]

Linking to another language's wiktionary:
# [[Wiktionary:fr:Bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:Bonjour|Bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:Bonjour|]]

ISBN 012345678X

ISBN 0-123-45678-X

  • Link to books using their ISBN numbers. This is preferred to linking to a specific online bookstore, because it gives the reader a choice of vendors.
  • ISBN links do not need any extra markup, provided you use one of the indicated formats.
ISBN 012345678X

ISBN 0-123-45678-X

Date formats:

  1. July 20, 1969
  2. 20 July 1969
  3. 1969-07-20
  • Link dates in one of the above formats, so that everyone can set their own display order. If logged in, you can use Special:Preferences to change your own date display setting.
  • All of the above dates will appear as "20 July 1969" if you set your date display preference to "15 January 2001", but as "July 20, 1969" if you set it to "January 15, 2001".
Date formats:
# [[July 20]], [[1969]]
# [[20 July]] [[1969]]
# [[1969]]-[[07-20]]

Sound

  • To include links to non-image uploads such as sounds, use a "media" link. For images, see next section.

Some uploaded sounds are listed at Wikipedia:Sound.

[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]

Images

What it looks like What you type
A picture: File:Wiki.png

or, with alternative text: jigsaw globe

or, floating to the right side of the page and with a caption:

File:Wiki.png
Wikipedia Encyclopedia

or, floating to the right side of the page without a caption:


A picture: [[Image:Wiki.png]]

or, with alternative text:
[[Image:Wiki.png|jigsaw globe]]

or, floating to the right side of the page and with a caption:
[[Image:Wiki.png|frame|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]

or, floating to the right side of the page ''without'' a caption:
[[Image:Wiki.png|right|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]

Clicking on an uploaded image displays a description page, which you can also link directly to: Image:Wiki.png


[[:Image:Wiki.png]]

To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.


Image of a Tornado



[[media:Tornado.jpg|Image of a Tornado]]

Character formatting

What it looks like What you type

Emphasize, strongly, very strongly.

  • These are double and triple apostrophes (single-quote marks), not double-quote marks.
''Emphasize'', '''strongly''', '''''very strongly'''''.

[math]\sin x + \ln y[/math]
sinx + lny

[math]\mathbf{x} = 0[/math]
x = 0

Ordinary text should use wiki markup for emphasis, and should not use <i> or <b>. However, mathematical formulas often use italics, and sometimes use bold, for reasons unrelated to emphasis. Complex formulas should use <math> markup, and simple formulas may use <math>; or <i> and <b>; or '' and '''. According to WikiProject Mathematics, wiki markup is preferred over HTML markup like <i> and <b>.

<math>\sin x + \ln y</math>
sin''x'' + ln''y''

<math>\mathbf{x} = 0</math>
'''x''' = 0

A typewriter font for monospace text or for computer code: int main()

  • For semantic reasons, using <code> where applicable is preferable to using <tt>.
A typewriter font for <tt>monospace text</tt>
or for computer code: <code>int main()</code>

You can use small text for captions.

You can use <small>small text</small> for captions.

You can strike out deleted material and underline new material.

You can also mark deleted material and inserted material using logical markup rather than visual markup.

  • When editing regular Wikipedia articles, just make your changes and don't mark them up in any special way.
  • When editing your own previous remarks in talk pages, it is sometimes appropriate to mark up deleted or inserted material.
You can <s>strike out deleted material</s>
and <u>underline new material</u>.

You can also mark <del>deleted material</del> and
<ins>inserted material</ins> using logical markup
rather than visual markup.

Diacritical marks:
è é ê ë ì í

À Á Â Ã Ä Å
Æ Ç È É Ê Ë
Ì Í Î Ï Ñ Ò
Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Ù
Ú Û Ü ß à á
â ã ä å æ ç
è é ê ë ì í
î ï ñ ò ó ô
œ õ ö ø ù ú
û ü ÿ


è é ê ë ì í

&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring; 
&AElig; &Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml; 
&Igrave; &Iacute; &Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde; &Ograve; 
&Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde; &Ouml; &Oslash; &Ugrave; 
&Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &szlig; &agrave; &aacute; 
&acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig; &ccedil; 
&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml; &igrave; &iacute;
&icirc; &iuml; &ntilde; &ograve; &oacute; &ocirc; 
&oelig; &otilde; &ouml; &oslash; &ugrave; &uacute; 
&ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;

Punctuation:
¿ ¡ § ¶
† ‡ • – —
‹ › « »
‘ ’ “ ”


&iquest; &iexcl; &sect; &para;
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &ndash; &mdash;
&lsaquo; &rsaquo; &laquo; &raquo;
&lsquo; &rsquo; &ldquo; &rdquo;

Commercial symbols:
™ © ® ¢ € ¥
£ ¤


&trade; &copy; &reg; &cent; &euro; &yen; 
&pound; &curren;

Subscripts:
x1 x2 x3

Superscripts:
x1 x2 x3 or x¹ x² x³

  • The latter method of superscripting can't be used in the most general context, but is preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m.

1 hectare = 1 E4 m²


x<sub>1</sub> x<sub>2</sub> x<sub>3</sub>
x<sup>1</sup> x<sup>2</sup> x<sup>3</sup>
or x&sup1; x&sup2; x&sup3;

&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup>
C&sup2; / J m.

1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m&sup2;]]

Greek characters:
α β γ δ ε ζ
η θ ι κ λ μ ν
ξ ο π ρ σ ς
τ υ φ χ ψ ω
Γ Δ Θ Λ Ξ Π
Σ Φ Ψ Ω


&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta; 
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu; 
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho; &sigma; &sigmaf;
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;
&Gamma; &Delta; &Theta; &Lambda; &Xi; &Pi; 
&Sigma; &Phi; &Psi; &Omega;

Math characters:
∫ ∑ ∏ √ − ± ∞
≈ ∝ ≡ ≠ ≤ ≥ →
× · ÷ ∂ ′ ″
∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ ø
∈ ∉ ∩ ∪ ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇
¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀ ⇒ ⇔
→ ↔


&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; &minus; &plusmn; &infin;
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; &le; &ge; &rarr;
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; &prime; &Prime;
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; &oslash;
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; &sub; &sup; &sube; &supe;
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; &rArr; &hArr;
&rarr; &harr;

Spacing in simple math formulas:
Obviously, x² ≥ 0 is true.

  • To space things out without allowing line breaks to interrupt the formula, use non-breaking spaces: &nbsp;.


Obviously, ''x''&sup2;&nbsp;&ge;&nbsp;0 is true.

Complicated formulas:

[math]\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}[/math]
  • See m:Help:Formula for how to use <math>.
  • A formula displayed on a line by itself should probably be indented by using the colon (:) character.


: <math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>

Suppressing interpretation of markup:
Link → (''to'') the [[Wikipedia FAQ]]

  • Used to show literal data that would otherwise have special meaning.
  • Escape all wiki markup, including that which looks like HTML tags.
  • Does not escape HTML character references.
  • To escape HTML character references such as &rarr; use &amp;rarr;


<nowiki>Link &rarr; (''to'') 
the [[Wikipedia FAQ]]</nowiki>

Commenting page source:
not shown when viewing page

  • Used to leave comments in a page for future editors.
  • Note that most comments should go on the appropriate Talk page.


<!-- comment here -->

(see also: Chess symbols in Unicode)

Tables

Placement of the Table of Contents (TOC)

At the current status of the wiki markup language, having at least four headers on a page triggers the TOC to appear in front of the first header (or after introductory sections). Putting __TOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to appear at that point (instead of just before the first header). Putting __NOTOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to disappear. See also compact TOC for alphabet and year headings.

Keeping headings out of the Table of Contents

If you want some subheadings to not appear in the Table of Contents, then make the following replacements.

Replace == Header 2 == with <h2> Header 2 </h2>

Replace === Header 3 === with <h3> Header 3 </h3>

And so forth.

For example, notice that the following header has the same font as the other subheaders to this "Tables" section, but the following header does not appear in the Table of Contents for this page.

This header has the h4 font, but is NOT in the Table of Contents

This effect is obtained by the following line of code.

<h4> This header has the h4 font, but is NOT in the Table of Contents </h4>


Tables

There are two ways to build tables:

  • in special Wiki-markup (see m:Help:Table)
  • with the usual HTML elements: <table>, <tr>, <td> or <th>.

For the latter, and a discussion on when tables are appropriate, see Wikipedia:How to use tables.

Variables

(See also m:Help:Variable)

Code Effect
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 12
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} December
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} December
{{CURRENTDAY}} 5
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Tuesday
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2017
{{CURRENTTIME}} 12:49
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 4,202
{{PAGENAME}} Editing/fr
{{NAMESPACE}} Help
{{localurl:pagename}} /pagename
{{localurl:Wikipedia:Sandbox|action=edit}} http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandbox?action=edit
{{SERVER}} http://wiki.lazarus.freepascal.org
{{ns:1}} Talk
{{ns:2}} User
{{ns:3}} User talk
{{ns:4}} Lazarus wiki
{{ns:5}} Lazarus wiki talk
{{ns:6}} File
{{ns:7}} File talk
{{ns:8}} MediaWiki
{{ns:9}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} Template
{{ns:11}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} Help
{{ns:13}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} Category
{{ns:15}} Category talk
{{SITENAME}} Lazarus wiki

NUMBEROFARTICLES is the number of pages in the main namespace which contain a link and are not a redirect, i.e. number of articles, stubs containing a link, and disambiguation pages.

Templates

The MediaWiki software used by Wikipedia has limited support for template inclusion. This means standardized text chunks (such as boilerplate text) can be inserted into articles. For example, typing {{stub}} will appear as "This article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it." when the page is saved. See Wikipedia:Template messages for the complete list. Other commonly used ones are: {{disambig}} for disambiguation pages, {{spoiler}} for spoiler warnings and {{sectstub}} like an article stub but for a section. The are many subject-specific stubs e.g.: {{Geo-stub}}, {{Hist-stub}} and {{Linux-stub}}. For a complete list of stubs see Wikipedia:Template messages/Stubs.

Hiding the edit links

Insert __NOEDITSECTION__ into the document to suppress the edit links that appear next to every section header.

See also

Using Mozilla Firefox

There is an extension available for Firefox, which may help you to edit a wiki page. This extension can be used for all wikis based on MediaWiki (e.g. for the wikipedia). If you use version 1.5 of Firefox, you will need the developer version of the extension. Update: The extension doesn't support Firefox 2.0 (not yet).

If you have installed the extension a new toolbar will appear. This toolbar contains some icons to

  • format the text (e.g. bold)
  • insert a structure item (e.g. headlines)
  • insert a link (internal or external)
  • insert a picture

The toolbar can be helpful escpecially for newbies, because it's not necessary to know the (complete) wiki syntax.

If you want to change the settings for the toolbar, you have to go to the tools menu of Firefox. Then you must click on the settings button of the extension. On the view tab for example you can set, that the toolbar only appears, if the URL contains the word 'wiki'.