Networking

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This page contains both tutorials/code and information with regard to network programming with Lazarus as well as plain FPC.

Contents


TCP/IP Protocol

Note-icon.png

Note: Because there are multiple libraries (Synapse, lnet, fphttpclient, Indy,...) that provide networking functionality for FPC/Lazarus, many examples can be written for multiple libraries. Therefore you may see the same examples multiple times - for different libraries. Have a look at the [1] or [2] frameworks for examples on how to build frameworks that can use multiple network libraries

CGI/FastCGI - REST, CRUD, chat, blog, web page etc.

These functionalities are built into the Brook framework. Please have a look at this page.

SSH/Telnet client, sending emails, downloading files, OAuthv1 examples

See the Synapse page.

Webserver example

Given below is an example http server written with Synapse and tested in Win XP and Mac OS X, after changing the Synapse source to use a fixed constant $20000 as MSG_NOSIGNAL, because this constant isn't present in the sockets unit in Mac OS X. Note: please send your bug reports to the Synapse project - they are quite responsive - so everybody profits from improvements. To do: check if this modification is still needed for current (Oct 2012) Synapse

{
  The Micro Pascal WebServer
 
  This is a very simple example webserver implemented with the Synapse library.
 
  It works with blocking sockets and a single thread, so it
  can only handle one request at a given time.
 
  It will write the headers that it receives from the browser
  to the standard output.
 
  It serves a fixed webpage for the / URI
  For any other URI it will return 404 not found
}
program upserver;
 
{$ifdef fpc}
  {$mode delphi}
{$endif}
 
{$apptype console}
 
uses
  Classes, blcksock, sockets, Synautil, SysUtils;
 
{@@
  Attends a connection. Reads the headers and gives an
  appropriate response
}
procedure AttendConnection(ASocket: TTCPBlockSocket);
var
  timeout: integer;
  s: string;
  method, uri, protocol: string;
  OutputDataString: string;
  ResultCode: integer;
begin
  timeout := 120000;
 
  WriteLn('Received headers+document from browser:');
 
  //read request line
  s := ASocket.RecvString(timeout);
  WriteLn(s);
  method := fetch(s, ' ');
  uri := fetch(s, ' ');
  protocol := fetch(s, ' ');
 
  //read request headers
  repeat
    s := ASocket.RecvString(Timeout);
    WriteLn(s);
  until s = '';
 
  // Now write the document to the output stream
 
  if uri = '/' then
  begin
    // Write the output document to the stream
    OutputDataString :=
      '<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"'
      + ' "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">' + CRLF
      + '<html><h1>Teste</h1></html>' + CRLF;
 
    // Write the headers back to the client
    ASocket.SendString('HTTP/1.0 200' + CRLF);
    ASocket.SendString('Content-type: Text/Html' + CRLF);
    ASocket.SendString('Content-length: ' + IntTostr(Length(OutputDataString)) + CRLF);
    ASocket.SendString('Connection: close' + CRLF);
    ASocket.SendString('Date: ' + Rfc822DateTime(now) + CRLF);
    ASocket.SendString('Server: Servidor do Felipe usando Synapse' + CRLF);
    ASocket.SendString('' + CRLF);
 
  //  if ASocket.lasterror <> 0 then HandleError;
 
    // Write the document back to the browser
    ASocket.SendString(OutputDataString);
  end
  else
    ASocket.SendString('HTTP/1.0 404' + CRLF);
end;
 
var
  ListenerSocket, ConnectionSocket: TTCPBlockSocket;
begin
  ListenerSocket := TTCPBlockSocket.Create;
  ConnectionSocket := TTCPBlockSocket.Create;
 
  ListenerSocket.CreateSocket;
  ListenerSocket.setLinger(true,10);
  ListenerSocket.bind('0.0.0.0','1500');
  ListenerSocket.listen;
 
  repeat
    if ListenerSocket.canread(1000) then
    begin
      ConnectionSocket.Socket := ListenerSocket.accept;
      WriteLn('Attending Connection. Error code (0=Success): ', ConnectionSocket.lasterror);
      AttendConnection(ConnectionSocket);
      ConnectionSocket.CloseSocket;
    end;
  until false;
 
  ListenerSocket.Free;
  ConnectionSocket.Free;
end.

TCP/IP Client - Server Example using built-in FCL-Net components

Please have a look at this blog post.

Download HTTP page body, web server upload using POST, get external IP address

These examples (using the FPC/Lazarus built in fphttpclient) can be found at fphttpclient#Examples

WebServices

According to the W3C a Web service is a software system designed to support interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network. It has an interface that is described in a machine-processable format such as WSDL. Other systems interact with the Web service in a manner prescribed by its interface using messages, which may be enclosed in a SOAP envelope, or follow a REST approach. These messages are typically conveyed using HTTP, and are normally comprised of XML in conjunction with other Web-related standards. Software applications written in various programming languages and running on various platforms can use web services to exchange data over computer networks like the Internet in a manner similar to inter-process communication on a single computer. This interoperability (e.g., between Windows and Linux applications) is due to the use of open standards. OASIS and the W3C are the primary committees responsible for the architecture and standardization of web services. To improve interoperability between web service implementations, the WS-I organisation has been developing a series of profiles to further define the standards involved.

Web Service Toolkit for FPC & Lazarus

Web Service Toolkit is a web services package for FPC and Lazarus.

See also

  • Web Development Portal
  • Networking libraries - comparison of various networking libraries
  • Brook Framework - The perfect Free Pascal framework for your web applications. It's pure Pascal. You don't need to leave your preferred programming language.
  • Sockets - TCP/IP Sockets components
  • fcl-net - Networking library supplied with FPC
  • lNet - Lightweight Networking Components
  • Synapse - Serial port and synchronous TCP/IP Library
  • XML Tutorial - XML is often utilized on network communications
  • FPC and Apache Modules
  • fcl-web - Also known as fpWeb, this is a library to develop web applications which can be deployed as cgi, fastcgi or apache modules.
  • Secure Programming
  • Internet Tools - A wrapper around Synapse/wininet/Android's httpcomponents simplifying https and redirections, and a XPath/XQuery/CSS Selector/JSONiq engine to process the downloaded pages
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