Adding a new interface

From Lazarus wiki
Jump to navigationJump to search

This article describes the steps to add a new widgetset interface. This article is intended for developers who want to make an existing widget set available for use with the LCL. It describes the first steps to set up the directories and adapt the IDE for developing the new interface.

Other Interfaces

Platform specific Tips

Interface Development Articles


As example we write the steps for adding a new interface for the pogo widget set.

Register the new widgetset in the IDE

In the file lcl/interfacebase.pp add lppogo to TLCLPlatform add 'pogo' to LCLPlatformDirNames. Add 'pogo' to ide/lazconf.pp (LCLPlatformDisplayNames).

Then rebuild the IDE with the LCL and restart it. You should now see the new wigdetset in the 'Configure build lazarus' dialog. Now the codetools know about it and basic code functions will work.

Create a directory for the interface

Create a subdirectory pogo in lazarus\lcl\interface.

Then copy the Makefile.fpc from one of the existing widgetsets and adapt it. For example change the unittargetdir. Then create the Makefile with Fpcmake:

For *nix:

 cd lazarus/lcl/interfaces/pogo
 export FPCDIR=/home/username/fpc_sources_trunk/
 fpcmake -Tall
 export FPCDIR=

For windows:

 cd lazarus\lcl\interfaces\pogo
 set FPCDIR=lazarus\fpc\source
 lazarus\fpc\2.3.1\bin\i386-win32\fpcmake -Tall
 set FPCDIR=

You must use fpcmake from the latest and greatest and unstable FPC version, so that all FPC platforms are known in the Makefile. For the source it is less critical. The last line sets the variable FPCDIR to none. Otherwise other Makefiles will be auto regenerated too, which can accidently break things. So better make sure with the last line that FPCDIR is not set.

Then copy the interfaces.pp from one of the other widgetsets and adapt it. For example rename the widgetset class to TPogoWidgetSet.

Then create a first unit pogoint.pp for the new class TPogoWidgetSet. Every widgetset needs to override some abstract methods. Position the blinking cursor on class and use the refactoring tool Source Editor / Popup menu / Refactoring / Show abstract methods to automatically add the method stubs. Don't forget to use pogoint in the new interfaces.pp.

Update Makefiles

Edit lazarus\lcl\interfaces\Makefile.fpc and append pogo to the Target directories

dirs=gtk gtk2 win32 wince qt carbon fpgui pogo

Generate the Makefile in lazarus\lcl\interfaces using Fpcmake.

Add widgetset directory to update_allunits

Add a line in lcl/update_allunits.lpr for the pogo widgetset. You will need to run this program as you implement the PogoWSxxxx units. I used

 instantfpc ./update_allunits.lpr

Or you could run

 lazbuild ./update_allunits.lpr

You can now compile your new widgetset in the IDE, by setting the widgetset in the 'Configure build lazarus' dialog.

Compiler options / search paths

If the new widgetset has subdirectories or need some extra flags, then these must be added to the Makefile (e.g. lcl/interfaces/pogo/Makefile) and to the LCL.lpk. Otherwise: ask Mattias via mail.