Build current FPC and Lazarus for Raspbian
Raspbian Buster (based on Debian 10 Buster) has FPC and Lazarus available in the repositories, but they suffer from the same "design decisions" that don't allow for a nice experience, namely the smooth IDE rebuilding capability based on source packages that is possible with FPC/Lazarus official .deb packages vs the crippled experience with the official Debian/Raspbian packages. One wishes there were official FPC/Lazarus packages for Raspbian as there are for Intel Debian/Ubuntu, which are also frequently updated; not being that the case (at least for now), this page shows the steps for building your own FPC, FPC-source and Lazarus packages for Raspbian. Example shows steps for Lazarus 2.0.6 which includes FPC 3.0.4, most recent at the time of writing. Adjust accordingly.
- Raspberry Pi 4 Model B, 4 GB (less memory models would require swap), with appropriate cooling (author uses aluminum case that doubles as heatsink) to avoid throttling due to excessive heat
- Latest Raspbian Buster fully updated
- Install subversion:
sudo apt install subversion
- Get bootstrap FPC compiler. The latest compiler is compiled with the previous version of itself.
- Extract compiler. This will create a
fpc-3.0.2.arm-linuxdirectory. (NOTE: this folder must be on a linux FS [like Documents folder] as FAT doesn't allow the next step to work).
- In this directory, as pi user, run
- At the four prompts, answer
Enter, n, n, n: this is, accept suggested directory
/home/pi/fpc-3.0.2, no Textmode IDE, no documentation, no demos. Ignore
tarwarnings. Note the additional files written to
.fppkg/config/default. When the build is done, to delete this temporary bootstrap compiler these files and the
/home/pi/fpc-3.0.2install directory need to be deleted.
- Temporarily add FPC install directory to PATH:
export PATH=$PATH:$HOME/fpc-3.0.2/bin. If you have to reboot for any reason before completing the FPC build, you have to do this step again.
- Test if all ok:
fpc abcd. This invokes the just installed compiler trying to compile a non-existent file (abcd). A multiline message will be shown including the compiler version.
- Non-step note: the following steps are mostly based on this
- Install development libraries:
sudo apt install libgtk2.0-dev libgpm-dev libncurses-dev
svn co https://svn.freepascal.org/svn/fpc/tags/release_3_0_4 fpc, you have to be online for this and the next step to work.
svn co https://svn.freepascal.org/svn/lazarus/tags/lazarus_2_0_6 lazarus
create_fpc_deb.sh, look for line with the following content:
arm) ppcbin=arm; FPCArch=arm;;, (currently line 109). Copy and paste this line below itself, so it will appear twice. Edit this copy to read like this:
armhf) ppcbin=arm; FPCArch=arm;;. Now save the changes and exit.
- Run the script:
./create_fpc_deb.sh fpc ~/pascal/fpc/. This will compile the latest compiler with the bootstrap compiler. It takes about 11 minutes. A
.debfile will be created:
fpc-laz_3.0.4-yymmdd_armhf.deb; the exact name will be shown at the end of the compilation. Rename the file with (NOTE: do not type the brackets): mv [file name shown at end of compilation]
- You have completed the FPC build. Reboot the Pi to get rid of the temporary PATH.
- Uninstall the bootstrap FPC:
rm -rf ~/.fpc.cfg ~/.config/fppkg.cfg ~/.fppkg ~/fpc-3.0.2 ~/tmp. Check what you just did:
fpc abcdshould say command is not found.
- Install the just created FPC Debian package:
sudo dpkg -i ~/pascal/lazarus/tools/install/fpc-laz_3.0.4_armhf.deb. Check if it works:
fpc abcdshould show the newly installed FPC compiler.
./create_fpc_deb.sh fpc-src ~/pascal/fpc/. This builds the FPC source package in about 3 minutes:
fpc-src_3.0.4-yymmdd_armhf.deb. Rename with: mv
create_lazarus_deb.sh, look for line with the following content:
echo "$Arch is not supported.", (currently line 86). Copy the 3 lines above it and paste them just below themselves: at this time it is copy lines 83 to 85 and paste them between lines 85 and 86. In the just pasted lines (lines 86-88), replace
ppcarm. Look for the first
fijust below; copy and paste it below itself (copy line 91 below itself, so line 91 and 92 read the same). For you coders out there, you are adding another
ifto a nested
if, with its corresponding
fi. Now save and exit.
./create_lazarus_deb.sh. This will build the Lazarus IDE Debian package
lazarus-project_2.0.6-0_armhf.deb. It will take about 15 minutes.
- Install the FPC source and Lazarus packages:
sudo dpkg -i fpc-src_3.0.4_armhf.deb lazarus-project_2.0.6-0_armhf.deb
*.debto another location, to reinstall later if needed or to share with friends: remember this is free software.
rm -rf ~/pascal ~/tmp
You can now finally enjoy your fully working, fully up to date Lazarus. Find it in the Programming section of the Raspberry menu. A message titled "Error in EditorMacroScript" will be shown on first run; this also appears in the Raspbian Lazarus, reason still unknown to the original author of this page. Now try to install a package, for example
lazreport; it will work!
Want to help the FPC/Lazarus community? Host the resulting
.deb packages somewhere on the Internet and drop a note on the forum to let everyone know; rinse and repeat for every release.