IDE Window: Code Templates
What are Code Templates?
A Code Template is a section of 'boiler plate' code with an associated abbreviation which invokes its insertion. For example, you can type 'cl' in the Source Editor, and then press the Ctrl+J keyboard shortcut to invoke the code template(s) starting with 'cl'. This feature is a great time saver.
The Code Templates dialog (accessed via the Tools|Code Templates... menu option) allows you to edit existing templates, or add your own templates.
Code template text can contain macros, and you can even add your own macros to the list of those already available by creating a design time package and using the macrointf.pas of the IDEIntf package.
Example 1 - ifb
Here the pipe symbol (|) represents the blinking screen cursor. Press Ctrl+j. The three characters you typed ('ifb') will be expanded to
if | then begin end;
Again the pipe represents the cursor blinking onscreen. You will see that the cursor has been moved. This template is called 'ifb' and it is defined as follows:
if | then begin end;
This time the pipe '|' is an actual character you type as part of this code template's definition. It stipulates where the cursor will be positioned after the template has been inserted.
Example 2 - Using macros
This example shows how to create a code template 'w' which inserts a line with the current procedure name.
- Click on the 'Add' button. A dialog pops up. Set Token to 'w' and Comment to 'writeln(ProcName)', then click Ok.
- Your new item has been added to the list box.
- In the source below fill in
- The pipe is really a pipe and defines the new cursor position. Now place the cursor after the first ' and click on the 'Insert macro' button. A dialog pops up showing all available code macros. Choose 'ProcedureName' and click 'Insert Macro'. You should now have:
- Click 'Ok' to save and close the code template dialog.
- Move the cursor into a method body, type 'w':
procedure TForm1.FormDestroy(Sender: TObject); begin w| end;
The pipe should represent here the blinking cursor, not a character.
- Press Ctrl+j. You will get:
procedure TForm1.FormDestroy(Sender: TObject); begin writeln('TForm1.FormDestroy ',|); end;
Auto complete on
Code templates can be invoked by the shortcut Ctrl-j or by an event. You can set for each template on what event it is executed. You can enable none, some or all.
- line break - whenever the user presses the 'Return' or 'Enter' key
- space - whenever the user presses the Space bar.
- word end - whenever the user presses a key that ends a word. For example when typing 'b;' the code template 'b' can be executed.
- do not add character - this option can be combined with any of the above. When enabled the triggering key will not be inserted. For example when the option 'space' is enabled and the user triggers a template by pressing the space bar, the space character will not be inserted in the source editor.
Macros have the form $(MacroName) or $MacroName(Param1,...). Macros can be nested.
Define your own macros
You can register your own macros by writing a design time package and installing it. See ide/codetemplatesdlg.pas procedure CreateStandardCodeMacros for examples.
DCI file format
The default dci file of the IDE is pcp/lazarus.dci, where pcp is your primary config path (e.g. under Linux $HOME/.lazarus). If this file is not present the IDE will copy the file ide/lazarus_dci_file.dci.
A dci file is a text file with a list of templates.
Each template starts with line [name | description]. The template's value are the following lines.