Difference between revisions of "Lazarus Custom Drawn Controls"

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===dsWinCE===
 
===dsWinCE===
  
Immitates the look of Windows CE, but with some small improvements like better focus drawings on controls
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Imitates the Windows CE look, with some small improvements like better focus drawings on controls
  
 
===dsWin2000===
 
===dsWin2000===

Revision as of 15:06, 11 November 2011

The Lazarus Custom Drawn Controls are a set of controls equivalent to the standard Lazarus controls, but which draw themselves. They can have many uses, including the ability to fully customize the drawing, the ability to have exactly the same look in different platforms and also a higher consistency of behavior.

This set of controls is divided into two parts:

  • the custom drawn controls which are necessary for implementing Lazarus widgetsets and will in future be located in the unit lazarus/lcl/customdrawncontrols.pas. These are described here.
  • all other custom drawn controls, which are used often, but aren't indispensable to implement a LCL custom drawn widgetset. Those are located in the package lazarus/components/customdrawn. These are described in the page Lazarus Custom Drawn Package

At the moment all custom drawn controls are in the customdrawn package.

How do these components work?

The basic programming technique utilized by this set of controls is explained at the Developing with Graphics#Create a custom control which draws itself page.

The code of the controls itself is implemented in the unit customdrawncontrols.pas, but this unit has no drawing code at all. Customdrawncontrols.pas provides the code which processes all the control's keyboard and mouse events, implementing all the mouse and key response behaviour. Each control instance has a Drawer connected to it. A Drawer in our nomenclature (an instance of the TCDDrawer class) is similar to a theme rendering engine or suchlike. The unit customdrawndrawers.pas manages the list of all known drawers and it also declares all the basic data types needed for State and StateEx. These properties contain all the information about the control's current state, which is passed to the drawer so that it can have the information it requires to draw the control correctly. Only one instance of each drawer can exist in a program, and all controls refer to that single instance through the drawer's manager in customdrawndrawers.pas. Each control has a property called DrawStyle which allows you to choose (from an enumerated type) which draw style to use, and then customdrawndrawers.pas converts this information into a Drawer instance. You can specify the dsDefault DrawStyle which will then use the style specified in the global variable DefaultStyle. This was done to allow the style of all controls to be changed at once. Simply change this global variable and then call Invalidate on the controls. You can see below a code snippet from customdrawndrawers.pas which shows the methods which have been exposed to manage the list of drawers and also the Default style:

<delphi> unit customdrawndrawers; //...

 TCDDrawStyle = (
   // The default is given by the DefaultStyle global variable
   // Don't implement anything for this drawer
   dsDefault = 0,
   // This is a common drawer, the base for all others. It implements the look from dsWin2000
   dsCommon,
   // Operating system styles
   dsWinCE, dsWin2000, dsWinXP,
   dsKDEPlastique, dsGNOME, dsMacOSX,
   dsAndroid,
   // Other special styles for the user
   dsExtra1, dsExtra2, dsExtra3, dsExtra4, dsExtra5,
   dsExtra6, dsExtra7, dsExtra8, dsExtra9, dsExtra10
   );

//... procedure RegisterDrawer(ADrawer: TCDDrawer; AStyle: TCDDrawStyle); function GetDefaultDrawer: TCDDrawer; function GetDrawer(AStyle: TCDDrawStyle): TCDDrawer;

var

 DefaultStyle: TCDDrawStyle = dsCommon; // For now default to the most complete one, later per platform

</delphi>

Each Drawer class has methods to draw all controls and also all available primitives. All new drawers created by users should inherit from the class TCDCommonDrawer (which is the basic common drawer declared in the unit customdrawn_common.pas). If you don't inherit from TCDCommonDrawer your application might crash if it hits an abstract method. This is the most complete drawer, which implements all abstract methods from its base class, so inheriting from it guarantees that there will never be crashes owing to methods you have not yet implemented. Other drawers can override the desired methods to change the drawing style.

The dsCommon drawer uses only TCanvas for all its rendering, but other themes might also use TLazIntfImage and TFPImageCanvas instead, in order to have a faster pixel access. This programming technique is described in Developing with Graphics#Working with TLazIntfImage.

Color Palette

Drawers have also access to a color Palette, which has the usual LCL system colors. Default drawers will load their colors from the operating system via the LCL acording to the native platform. However, outside their native platform, drawers will use a standard color palette.

<delphi>

 TCDColorPalette = class
 public
   ScrollBar, Background, ActiveCaption, InactiveCaption,
   Menu, Window, WindowFrame, MenuText, WindowText, CaptionText,
   ActiveBorder, InactiveBorder, AppWorkspace, Highlight, HighlightText,
   BtnFace, BtnShadow, GrayText, BtnText, InactiveCaptionText,
   BtnHighlight, color3DDkShadow, color3DLight, InfoText, InfoBk,
   //
   HotLight, GradientActiveCaption, GradientInactiveCaption,
   MenuHighlight, MenuBar, Form: TColor;
 end;
 { There are 5 possible sources of input for color palettes:
  palDefault  - Uses palNative when the operating system matches the drawer style,
                palFallback otherwise
  palNative   - Obtain from the operating system
  palFallback - Use the fallback colors of the drawer
  palUserConfig-Load it from the user configuration files, ToDo
  palCustom   - The user application has set its own palette
 }
 TCDPaletteKind = (palDefault, palNative, palFallback, palUserConfig, palCustom);
 { TCDDrawer }
 TCDDrawer = class
 protected
 public
   Palette: TCDColorPalette;
   constructor Create; virtual;
   destructor Destroy; override;
   procedure SetPaletteKind(APaletteKind: TCDPaletteKind);
   procedure LoadNativePaletteColors;
   procedure LoadFallbackPaletteColors; virtual;

</delphi>

As the code above shows, you can choose where the colors should come from - either from the operating system current theme, from the drawer's default, or from a user-defined scheme provided by your application. This allows you to change all yor application's colors at runtime simply by changing the palette.

The Drawers

dsCommon

This is the base drawer for all others and it implements a Win2000-look with some small improvements, like better focus drawings on controls

dsWinCE

Imitates the Windows CE look, with some small improvements like better focus drawings on controls

dsWin2000

Immitates the look of Windows 2000, because dsCommon already does the same, this class implements no methods at all

dsWinXP

Immitates the look of Windows XP

dsKDEPlastique

Immitates the look of the Plastique Qt/KDE Theme

dsAndroid

Immitates the look of Android

Controls which immitate the Standard Palette

TCDButton

This is a fully custom drawn button.

Usage example:

<delphi> uses customdrawnextras;

procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject); var

 MyButton: TCDButton;

begin

 MyButton := TCDButton.Create(Self);
 MyButton.Parent := Self;
 MyButton.DrawStyle := dsWin2000;
 MyButton.Left := 100;
 MyButton.Top := 100;
 MyButton.Width := 200;
 MyButton.Height := 50;
 MyButton.Caption := 'My Button';
 MyButton.Color := clRed;
 MyButton.OnClick := @HandleButtonClick;

end; </delphi>

Custom drawn buttons.png

TCDEdit

This is a fully custom drawn edit control.

TCDEdit.png

TCDCheckBox

This is a fully custom drawn check box.

TCDCheckBox.png

TCDRadioButton

TCDRadioButton.png

TCDScrollBar

TCDScrollBar.png

TCDGroupBox

This is a fully custom drawn group box.

TCDGroupBox.png

Controls which immitate the Additional Palette

TCDStaticText

Controls which immitate the Common Controls Palette

TCDTrackBar

Substitutes TTrackBar

TCDTrackBar.png

TCDProgressBar

TCDProgressBar.png

TCDListView

Under construction.

TCDTabControl

Substitutes TTabControl

TCDPageControl

Substitutes TPageControl

TCDPageControl.png

Custom Drawn Packages

Moved here: Lazarus Custom Drawn Package

Other good custom drawn components for Lazarus

Maintainers

See Also