Lazarus on Solaris
This howto explains the steps to get lazarus svn and fpc svn up and running starting from a clean Solaris 10 system (adapt to your processor, I'm on x86). It assumes that you have already used svn and build fpc and lazarus from source before.
Install the FPC Compiler Binaries
Get and install fpc 2.4.4 for Solaris x86 from ftp://188.8.131.52/pub/fpc/dist/2.4.4/i386-solaris/fpc-2.4.4.i386-solaris.tar.gz and the install script ftp://184.108.40.206/pub/fpc/dist/2.4.4/i386-solaris/install.sh.
For Solaris SPARC the most recent version available as binaries is 2.4.2, which can be downloaded from ftp://220.127.116.11/pub/fpc/dist/2.4.2/sparc-solaris/fpc-2.4.2.sparc-solaris.tar.gz. There is an install script corresponding to this version at ftp://18.104.22.168/pub/fpc/dist/2.4.2/sparc-solaris/install.sh, but see http://22.214.171.124/view.php?id=18271 for patches that might be needed; there might be a more recent version of this script available via SVN.
Install Required Libraries
Install following packages from http://sunfreeware.com/. These are the versions at the time of writing (7/2011). This is a long list because gnu binutils, make, subversion (with a lot of dependencies) and gtk2 are pulled in:
apache-2.2.19 atk-1.18.0 binutils-2.21.1 cairo-1.4.10 coreutils-8.11 expat-2.0.1 fontconfig-2.8.0 freetype-2.4.2 gcc-3.4.6 gdb-6.8 glib-2.25.13 gtk+-2.12.0 jpeg-8a libiconv-1.13.1 libintl-3.4.0 make-3.82 ncurses-5.7 neon-0.29.5 openldap-2.4.24 openssl-1.0.0d pango-1.18.2 render-0.8-sol10-intel-local renderproto-0.9.3 sasl-2.1.21 subversion-1.6.12 tiff-3.9.4 xft-2.1.2-sol10-intel-local xrender-0.8.3-sol10-intel-local zlib-1.2.5
These versions are all available for SPARC.
Adapt your PATH variable to get the gnu version of the binutils:
$ export PATH=/usr/local/bin:$PATH
$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
Check your GTK2 installation:
Gnu ld creates binaries that are not completely solaris abi compatible. malloc (libc) for example always returns a null pointer. FPC uses the solaris linker by using the -Xn compiler option (not documented). Solaris ld is in /usr/css/bin and gnu binutils has installed the link /usr/bin/ld :
# rm /usr/bin/ld
# ln -s /usr/css/bin/ld /usr/bin/ld
Note that you need to specify the -Xn compiler option for all your fpc and lazarus programs. Lazarus programs linked without -Xn crash with the message GLib-ERROR ... Failed to allocate 42 bytes... core dump.
Get and Build Sources
$ svn co http://svn.freepascal.org/svn/fpc/trunk fpc
$ cd fpc
$ make clean all OPT="-Xn"
# make install INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr
/etc/fpc.cfg installed with 2.4.4 is fine for your new 2.5.1 installation.
$ svn co http://svn.freepascal.org/svn/lazarus/trunk lazarus
$ cd lazarus
$ make clean all OPT="-Xn -k-L/usr/local/lib" FPC=/usr/lib/fpc/2.5.1/ppc386
Solaris 11 Express
Depending on the installation media, gnome is already installed or can easily be installed by installing the slim_install package. subversion and gnu-binutils can be installed from the solaris repository with "pkg install" or the graphical Package Manager.
solaris ld is already installed in /usr/bin. The use of -Xn is still mandatory.