Difference between revisions of "Slash"

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(related exceptions: otherwise run-time error)
(substitute legacy syntaxhighlight syntax, refer to Frame instead of Block)
 
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{{Slash}}
 
{{Slash}}
 +
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<div style="float:right; margin: 0 25px 20px 0; padding:50px; font-size:500%; font-family: Georgia; background-color: #f9f9f9; border: 2px solid #777777;">/</div>
  
 
A single slash, surrounded by non-slash characters is regarded as the division operator.
 
A single slash, surrounded by non-slash characters is regarded as the division operator.
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== division ==
 
== division ==
The slash <syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" enclose="none">/</syntaxhighlight> is used in a [[Pascal]] program to perform division.
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The ASCII slash <syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" inline>/</syntaxhighlight> is used in a [[Pascal]] [[Program|program]] to perform division (<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" inline>∕</syntaxhighlight> U+2215 “division slash”).
The results are a real values.
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The results are ''always'' real values.
If you want to perform integer division the [[Div|<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" enclose="none">div</syntaxhighlight> operator]] has to be used.
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If you want to perform integer division the [[Div|<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" inline>div</syntaxhighlight> operator]] has to be used.
  
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal">
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal">
 
A := 3 / 4;
 
A := 3 / 4;
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
</syntaxhighlight>
After this operation the variable <syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" enclose="none">A</syntaxhighlight> holds the value <syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" enclose="none">0.75</syntaxhighlight> (assuming <syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" enclose="none">A</syntaxhighlight> is delared as a real value type, otherwise the compiler generates an incompatible type error).
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After this operation the [[Variable|variable]] <syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" inline>A</syntaxhighlight> holds the value <syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" inline>0.75</syntaxhighlight> (assuming <syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" inline>A</syntaxhighlight> is declared as a real value [[Type|type]], otherwise the [[Compiler|compiler]] generates an incompatible type error).
  
 
=== related exceptions ===
 
=== related exceptions ===
 
The value on the right side of the slash must not be zero, or a division by zero error occurs.
 
The value on the right side of the slash must not be zero, or a division by zero error occurs.
In modes where exceptions are available (e.g. [[Mode ObjFPC|ObjFPC]] and [[Mode Delphi|Delphi]] mode) this condition can be caught by using a [[Try|<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" enclose="none">try</syntaxhighlight>]] …  [[Except|<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" enclose="none">except</syntaxhighlight>]] block.
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In [[Compiler Mode|modes]] where [[Exceptions|exceptions]] are available (e.g. [[Mode ObjFPC|ObjFPC]] and [[Mode Delphi|Delphi]] mode) this condition can be caught by using a [[Try|<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" inline>try</syntaxhighlight>]] …  [[Except|<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" inline>except</syntaxhighlight>]] [[Frame|frame]].
Otherwise a [[run-time error]] occurs (RTE 200).
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Otherwise a [[runtime error|run-time error]] occurs (RTE 200).
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" highlight="25-30">program divZeroDemo(input, output, stderr);
 
<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" highlight="25-30">program divZeroDemo(input, output, stderr);
  
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end;
 
end;
 
end.</syntaxhighlight>
 
end.</syntaxhighlight>
Note:
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{{Note|
 
Exception handling is expensive.
 
Exception handling is expensive.
A plain test whether the user input is non-zero would have been in the above example more sophisticated.
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A plain test whether the user input is non-zero would have been in the above example more sophisticated.}}
  
 
== comment ==
 
== comment ==
 
Two slashes back to back introduce [[Comments|comments]] till the [[End of Line|end of line]].
 
Two slashes back to back introduce [[Comments|comments]] till the [[End of Line|end of line]].
 
This is also known as “Delphi-style comment”.
 
This is also known as “Delphi-style comment”.
<syntaxhighlight lang="delphi">
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<syntaxhighlight lang="delphi" line start="1345">
 
while (buf^ in [' ', #9, #10]) do // kill separators
 
while (buf^ in [' ', #9, #10]) do // kill separators
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
</syntaxhighlight>
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== see also ==
 
== see also ==
* [[Round|<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" enclose="none">round</syntaxhighlight>]]
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* [[Round|<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" inline>round</syntaxhighlight>]]
* [[Trunc|<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" enclose="none">trunc</syntaxhighlight>]]
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* [[Trunc|<syntaxhighlight lang="pascal" inline>trunc</syntaxhighlight>]]
  
 
{{Symbols}}
 
{{Symbols}}
 
[[Category:FPC]]
 
[[Category:Symbols]]
 
[[Category:Pascal]]
 

Latest revision as of 02:00, 26 January 2021

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/

A single slash, surrounded by non-slash characters is regarded as the division operator. Two consecutive slashes are regarded as comment introducers.

division

The ASCII slash / is used in a Pascal program to perform division ( U+2215 “division slash”). The results are always real values. If you want to perform integer division the div operator has to be used.

A := 3 / 4;

After this operation the variable A holds the value 0.75 (assuming A is declared as a real value type, otherwise the compiler generates an incompatible type error).

related exceptions

The value on the right side of the slash must not be zero, or a division by zero error occurs. In modes where exceptions are available (e.g. ObjFPC and Delphi mode) this condition can be caught by using a tryexcept frame. Otherwise a run-time error occurs (RTE 200).

program divZeroDemo(input, output, stderr);

// ObjFPC mode for exceptions
{$mode objfpc}

uses
	// make exception EDivByZero known
	sysutils;

const
	dividend = 1.1;

resourcestring
	enterDivisorPrompt = 'Enter divisor:';
	divisionOperationExceptionless = 'Division did not cause an exception.';
	zeroDivisionFailure = 'Error: Attempted to divide by zero.';

var
	divisor, quotient: single;

begin
	writeLn(enterDivisorPrompt);
	readLn(divisor);
	
	try
		quotient := dividend / divisor;
		writeLn(divisionOperationExceptionless);
	except on EDivByZero do
		writeLn(zeroDivisionFailure);
	end;
end.
Note-icon.png

Note: Exception handling is expensive. A plain test whether the user input is non-zero would have been in the above example more sophisticated.

comment

Two slashes back to back introduce comments till the end of line. This is also known as “Delphi-style comment”.

1345 while (buf^ in [' ', #9, #10]) do // kill separators

example source

see also


navigation bar: topic: Pascal symbols
single characters

+ (plus)  •  - (minus)  •  * (asterisk)  •  / (slash)
= (equal)  •  > (greater than)  •  < (less than)
. (period)  •  : (colon)  •  ; (semi colon)
^ (hat)  •  @ (at)
$ (dollar sign)  •  & (ampersand)  •  # (hash)
' (single quote)

character pairs

<> (not equal)  •  <= (less than or equal)  •  := (becomes)  •  >= (greater than or equal)

 •  >< (symmetric difference)  •  // (double slash)