subrange types

From Lazarus wiki

Deutsch (de) English (en) français (fr)


Back to data types.


Range of values: Corresponds to the definition defined by yourself

Storage requirements: Corresponds to the underlying basic data type

A subrange type:

  • is a subrange of ​​a basic data type;
  • can only include values ​​from the range of values ​​that were defined when it was defined;

Assigning other values ​​leads to compiler error messages when the program is compiled and the compilation process is aborted. That is, the executable program is not created.

There are two ways to define subrange types.

Variant 1:

var
  // Defines an integer subrange type
  // in the range of 10 to 123
  tbNumber1 : 10 .. 123;

  // Defines a character subrange type
  // in the range of A to Z (all uppercase)
  tbLetter1 : 'A' .. 'Z';

Variant 2:

Type
  // Defines an integer subrange type
  // in the range of 10 to 123
  TNumber2 = 10 .. 123;

  // Defines a character subrange type
  // in the range of A to Z (all uppercase)
  TLetter2 = 'A' .. 'Z';

var
  tbNumber2 : TNumber2 ;
  tbLetter2 : TLetter2 ;

Examples of assigning valid values:

  tbNumber1 := 10;
  tbNumber1 := 123;
  tbNumber2 := 10;
  tbNumber2 := 123;
  tbLetter1 := 'F';
  tbLetter2 := 'F';

Examples of assigning invalid values:

  // the values are outside the subrange
  tbNumber1 := 9;
  tbNumber2 := 124;
  tbLetter1 := 'f';
  tbLetter2 := 'f';
  // the values ​​are string literals
  tbNumber1 := '10';
  tbNumber1 := '123';
  tbNumber2 := '10';
  tbNumber2 := '123';